GEOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL INSIGHTS
The Tadrart Rouge (meaning "Red Mountain") or Southern Tadrart or Algerian Tadrart or Meridional Tadrart is a mountain range in southeastern Algeria, part of the Algerian Desert.
Primarily composed of sandstone, it links the Tassili n’Ajjer in the north-west to the Djado in the southeast. The area is well known for the spectacular red-orange sand dune fields contrasting with the jagged dark red rock formations of the range.
The Tadrart Rouge has magnificent Saharan rock art covering a long chronological span from early Neolithic to recent times.
Rock walls and rock shelters on wadi bottoms are dotted with both rock paintings and rock engravings, documenting climate change as the area evolved from a savanna 10,000 years ago to a desert 5,000 years ago. The rock art changed in time from wild fauna such as elephants, rhinos, giraffes, antelopes, and wild bovids, to domesticated animals such as bovids, ovicaprids, horses, and camels.